Photodegradation of Water Organic Contaminates Under Solar Simulator Light
Publication Type
Conference Paper

Surfaces of Rutile TiO2 particles have been modified with CdS nano-particles. The TiO2/CdS system has been used as catalyst in water purification by photo-degrading organic contaminants such as methyl orange (a commonly encountered contaminant dye) and phenazopyridine (a medically active compound). Both UV and visible regions have been investigated. CdS sensitization of TiO2 to visible region has been observed, as the TiO2/CdS system showed higher catalytic efficiency than the naked TiO2 system in the visible region. However, the TiO2/CdS system was unstable under neutral, acidic conditions and basic conditions. Leaching out of CdS into hazardous aqueous Cd2+ ions occurred. This imposes limitations on future usage of CdS-sensitized TiO2 photo-catalytic systems in water purification processes. In basic media, leaching out was less pronounced than in acidic media. Alternative natural dye (anthocyanin) was used as a sensitizer for the rutile TiO2 system. The TiO2/anthocyanin catalyst was used in photo-degradation of MO and PhPY. Higher efficiency was noted when using AC/TiO2/Anthocyanin at low pH in photo-degradation of MO. ZnO-based catalyst systems, both naked and AC/ZnO were also examined. The ZnO systems were highly efficient in degrading contaminants, reaching complete removal in reasonable time, with AC/ZnO having a higher edge. Effects of catalyst concentration, catalyst recovery, contaminant concentration, temperature and pH, on catalyst efficiency, have also been studied. Results and discussions will be presented.

Conference Title
The Fifth Palestinian International Chemistry Conference
Conference Country
Conference Date
June 1, 2011 - June 1, 2011
Conference Sponsor