Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is a severe, highly contagious and fatal viral disease of small ruminants causing high economic losses. Therefore, the disease was targeted for eradication by 2030. The aim of this study was to investigate for the first time the molecular and pathological characterization of the circulating PPR virus (PPRV) in sheep and goat in Palestine. Samples were collected from suspected necropsy cases of sheep and goats during recent outbreaks in two provinces in Palestine between 2017 and 2019. In this study, severe PPR outbreaks occurred in sheep and goats causing typical lesions which include erosive and ulcerative stomatitis, bronchointerstitial pneumonia and severe enteritis. For the molecular investigation of PPRV, suspected animals were examined for the presence of PPRV by RT‐PCR. PPRV genome was detected in all samples. Subsequently, two samples were used for N gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of PPRV isolates. The nucleotide sequence and phylogenetic analysis indicated that the Palestinian PPRV isolates were genetically clustered within the lineage IV isolates of the virus among populations of sheep and goats which most prevalent in Asia, the Middle East and recently Africa. Further analysis, showed that the Palestinian isolates were closely related to those described in Turkey and Iraq; suggesting a common origin of PPRV isolates in the region. This information is critical to understand the molecular epidemiology of this disease in the region and helps to develop appropriate control measures for eradication of this disease.