Sources of Competition Stress and Coping Strategies among High Level Team Sports in Palestine
The purpose of this study was to test the Sources of Competition Stress (SCS) and Coping Strategies (CS) among high level team sports in Palestine. Furthermore, to determine the differences in (SCS) and (CS) according to game, educational qualification and playing experience variables. The sample of the study consisted of (147) soccer, volleyball and basketball players, and a (13) items of (SCS) and (Gaudreau & Blondin, 2002) (39) items scale of (CS) were applied. The results indicated high level of (SCS) among players, where the percentage of response for the total score was (71.20%), the highest (SCS) were for: importance of competition, club administrators, coaches, and referees. Also, the results indicated high level of (CS) among players, where the percentage of response for the total score was (70.40%), the highest (CS) were for: thought control, mental imagery, relaxation and effort expenditure. In addition, the results revealed significant differences in total score of (SCS) due to game and educational qualification variables, while there were no significant differences in (SCS) due to playing experience. For (CS) the results revealed a significant differences according to game, while there were no significant differences in (CS) due to educational qualification and playing experience variables. Based on the results of the study the researchers recommended to construct a curricula for learning Coping Strategies especially for beginners.