Refractive error is one of the most common ocular disorders among children which could affect their educational level and quality of life in general. Optometrists and eye care professionals have the means to perform a comprehensive eye examination for children and to provide them with the appropriate optical correction when necessary. This Lecture will focus on the considerations for correcting refractive errors in children aging from infancy up to school age who do not have any other ocular abnormalities. It will also discuss the amount of refractive error needs to be corrected at each age in order to help optometrists and eye care professionals in their clinical decision making.
Key words: Refractive error, Amblyopia, Children’s vision, Spectacle correction, Guidelines