The paper presents and discusses the national policies on public transport considered by the Palestinian National Authority since its establishment in 1994. The evaluation of the Ministry of Transport policies on public transport assists in better planning and operation for this sector. Based on the information collected from primary sources and field surveys, analysis is conducted covering bus and the taxi modes. The implementation of the policies met mixed success. The number of permits granted for shared-taxis are not determined based on sound criteria. Lack of subsidies to support bus transport, which is fully owned and operated by the private sector, threatens the sustainability of this mode.The ministry specifies fares not in total conformance with those could result from their adopted fare formula considering data collected for a sample of routes. The prevailing policies need to be modified to enhance the competitiveness of mass public transport.