A Review of chemical constituents and traditional usage of Neem plant (Azadirachta Indica)
Publication Type
Subject review

It was estimated from World Health Organization (WHO) that most of the world population
depends on herbal medicine for their health care. Azadirachta Indica A.Juss also known as neem
plant is one of the most popular medicinal plants in Asia and Africa which was used from the
anceint times for many medicinal purposes. It is used in many traditional remedies because of its
richness with biological active constituents. Some of these chemical constituents are Nimbidin,
Nimbin, Nimbolide, Gedunin, Azadirachtin, Mahmoodin, Cyclic trisulphide and others which are
used as antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antigastric ulcer, antiarthritic, spermicidal
antifungal, antimalarial, hypoglycemic, immunomodulatory, diuretic and antitumour. Traditionally
differnet parts of the plant are used by populations from many countries for the treatment of several
diseases such as leprosy, epistaxis, eye problem, elimination of intestinal worms, anorexia, skin
ulcers, biliousness, skin diseases like ringworms, burning sensation, wounds and itching. It is also
used as analgesic, alternative and curative of fever and urinary disorder. In addition, it is used in the
treatment of cough, asthma, phantom tumour, spermatorrhoea, diabetes, blood morbidity, biliary
afflictions and many more medicinal values. The present work provides comprehensive
information on the traditional use value and the chemical constituent of Azadirachta Indica in order
to explore the therapeutic potential, highlight the relation between the traditional use value and the
chemical constituents and the scientific future research opportunities on Azadirachta Indica.

Palestinian Medical and Pharmaceutical Journal (PMPJ)
An-Najah National University
Publisher Country
Publication Type
Both (Printed and Online)