The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of two different transport temperature (37°C vs 4°C) and cold storage of ovaries for 24 h on cumulus cell apoptosis and maturation rates of cat oocytes in vitro. Ovaries were collected from 15 ovariohysterectomized domestic cats and maintained and transported to the laboratory in phosphate buffer saline at 37°C and 4°C. In order to determine the effects of storing time, some ovaries transported at 4°C were stored at the same temperature for 24 h. Selected cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were matured for 48 h at 38°C in four-well petri dishes containing 500 μL of modified oviduct medium (mSOF) under mineral oil in a 5% CO2incubator with nearly 100% humidified. The morphological features of apoptosis were analysed in the cumulus cells at the beginning of in vitro maturation in both transporting temperature groups and after 24 h of cold stored group. The degree of apoptosis in cumulus cells were measured by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). The IVM rates of oocytes were determined using Hoechst (33342) staining. Although the apoptotic morphological features were seen rarely and in similar rates in 37 and 4°C transporting groups (19.40 and 21.55%, P>0.001), it was seen more intensely in the 24 h cold stored group (34.80%, P<0.001). The IVM findings were similar (49.77, 44.55%) at 37°C and 4°C groups (P>0.05), and importantly lower at 4°C transporting and 24 h cold stored groups (18.90%, P<0.05). In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that (I) cumulus cells of cat oocytes are partially exposed to apoptosis during transportation at warm or cold temperature, (II) storing of ovaries for 24 h at 4°C causes apoptosis of the cumulus cells at much higher rates and (III) storing of ovaries for 24 h at 4°C affects negatively IVM rate of oocytes. © 2017, Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi. All Rights Reserved.