An increasing rate of respiratory problems among workers in automobile
painting workshops in West Bank (Tulkarm and Nablus cities) has been noted
in the last period. However, to date, no studies have been published about the
effects of this profession on respiratory health in Palestine. This study aims to
determine the impact of automobile painting profession on respiratory health.
This case-control study was conducted. Forced spirometry was used to measure
the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC),
the FEV1/FVC ratios and prevalence of restrictive and obstructive lung
patterns. Twenty two workers (cases) and 45 controls were studied. The case
and control groups have similar demographic characteristics. According to the
type of lung status, 82% of the workers showed abnormal respiratory
parameters (68% restrictive vs. 14% obstructive). In comparison, 42 % of nonworkers
showed abnormal respiratory parameters (40% restrictive vs. 2%
obstructive) while others showed normal pattern. In this study, we concluded
that working in automobile painting workshops might result in respiratory
problems (Obstructive and Restrictive diseases).