The Combined Effect of Camel Milk and Ethanol Extracts of Ballota undulata and Ruta chalepensis on Bacteria
Publication Type
Conference Paper

Purpose: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial potential of ethanol extracts from Ballota undulata and Ruta chalepensis in combination with camel milk and camel whey proteins.


Methods and Materials: Protein contents of milk and whey samples were fractionated by SDS-PAGE. Agar disk diffusion method was used to examine the biological activity of all samples and combinations against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For quantitative estimation of antibacterial activity, minimum inhibitory concentrations and minimum bactericidal concentrations were determined by micro-broth dilution method.


Results and Conclusions: The obtained results showed that camel milk was more powerful than whey proteins. Moreover, R. chalepensis ethanol extract was more efficient bacteristatic agent than B. undulata extract. Furthermore, a synergic antibacterial activity was obtained from the combination between whey proteins and the studied ethanol extracts. Accordingly, the observed results suggested the possibility for further studies using other combinations between camel whey and other plant extracts against different bacterial isolates


Conference Title
the 2nd Palestinian International Graduate Conference on Natural, Medical and Health Sciences and Humanities
Conference Country
Conference Date
April 20, 2017 - April 20, 2017
Conference Sponsor
An-Najah National University