The concentrated solar power (CSP) technology has been implemented in some countries and proved good effectiveness. Palestine has enormous potential in solar energy which makes CSP technology one of the feasible options to mitigate the crisis of electricity shortage and reduce the dependability on Israeli Electric Company.
The main objective of this research is to perform a design and sizing of solar thermal power plant with parabolic trough collectors (PTC) without storage system for Jericho region in Palestine. This site is proposed due to larger area of land availability and its closeness to national grid.
The initial nominal power demand of the proposed solar thermal plant is 10 MWe functioning in a Rankine cycle using Therminol VP1 thermal oil (HTF) as working fluid. The average monthly power of the designed plant is 9.98 MW. The capacity factor of the proposed power plant comes out to be 36%. The design comprises 20 collector loops with 4 parabolic trough collectors (PTC) per loop.
Economic analysis is conducted: The levelized cost of electricity generation by the proposed solar thermal power plant (LCOE) is found to be 0.16 $/kWh. The annual electricity generation is about 31.5 GWh and the capital recovery factor is 0.106.