The purpose of this descriptive correlation study was to explore the relationship between satisfying psychological needs and psychological resilience among Palestinian school students who are living under adversity in the West Bank. The participants comprised 537 students (50% male and 50% female) on the 13 and 14 years old in academic year 2014-2015 who lives in urban and rural areas of the northern West Bank, were selected with random cluster sampling. CYRM-28 psychological resilience scale and their factors (Individual factors, Caregiving factors, and Contextual factors) and Deci and Ryan's basic psychological needs (BPNS) scale were completed and their validity and reliability were confirmed with Cronbach alpha. The results revealed that the mean of Resilience over the Palestinian students was quite high, being significantly higher for older male students living in villages rather than cities. Moreover the BPNS was quite high especially in the Relatedness factor. Additionally, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis results showed that satisfying basic psychological needs had positivث
and significant effect on resilience factors. In sum, findings of study provide good evidences for effect of satisfying psychological needs on children resilience.