Palestinian Women Attempted Suicide, Risks beyond the Experience
A Descriptive Phenomenological Study
Abu Safa E, Alkaissi A, Russo S
An-Najah National University
Faculty of Health Sciences
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences
Nursing & Midwifery Department
Introduction: suicide is a major public health problem all over the world. It described as “intentional, self-destructive, and self-inflicted acts.
Aim: The aim of this study is to explore the risks beyond the experience of attempting suicide among a group of Palestinian women.
Design: The study used a qualitative descriptive phenomenological method to explore the experiences of Palestinian women attempted suicide, to capture as much as possible the way in which the phenomenon is experienced, and the risks lays beyond the experience.
Data collection: Face to face, in-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants – the women who previously attempted suicide.
Sample: Purposive sampling was used; 20 women attempted suicide at least once.
Setting: Interviews were conducted in a private place agreed for with the women.
Data Analysis: The data was analyzed by using Giorgi’s phenomenological psychology method (1985).
Results: From the interviews, Five themes and eighteen sub-themes emerged: violence (Sexual violence, domestic violence, collective violence, witnessing abuse, and child maltreatment); Losses (loss of parents, loss of cultural identity, loss of relation, and loss of security) ; psychological risk factors (Low self efficacy, Low Self esteem, Negative Self image, and Maladaptive coping mechanism); and Socio cultural factors (poverty, stigma, and dysfunctional family); Lack of support system (Non professional, and professional).
Conclusion and Recommendation: The findings of the study demonstrate the importance of understanding the experience of the women attempted suicide, the risk beyond their experience, and the phenomena of suicide within the Palestinian community. It reflect the need for national prevention programs which include the implementation of national programs for mental health, recognizing the rights of females, tackling illiteracy among both males and females, prohibiting forced child marriage, providing economic and social support especially for young females, and promoting religion values rather than traditional customs.
Key words: Attempted suicide, experience, risk, descriptive phenomenology.