Life Cycle Assessment of Olive Oil Tin and Plastic Containers
Publication Type
Original research
For a long period of time, Palestine has witnessed significantly
noticeable shortages and scarcities of natural resources, namely, water
and energy resources. Many industries adversely contribute in the
continuous consumption and depletion of such natural resources. Among
these, there are the packaging materials industries producing plastic and
metal packaging containers for holding liquid products. Examples of
such containers are tin and plastic containers used for packaging and
storing olive oil in Palestine. These primary two packaging systems differ
in their environmental impacts during the stages of processing,
manufacturing, distribution, transportation, usage and disposal. More
specifically, they differ in consumption of natural resources such as
water, energy, and land use (solid wastes generation), as well as in their
contribution to human toxicity and health problems (dust) and resulted
industrial noise. This work aims at evaluating and comparing the
potential environmental impacts of tin and plastic containers of olive oil
via employing life cycle assessment (LCA) based on International
Standardization Organization (ISO) standards (namely, ISO 14040, ISO
14041, ISO14042, and ISO 14043). The life cycle inventory and impact

assessments considered the above-mentioned significant environmental domains (water, energy, solid waste, dust and industrial noise) in

conducting the LCA. Within the boundaries of both systems, the LCA
analysis showed that tin containers (16 Ls) outperformed plastic
containers (16 L) in terms of having less environmental impacts.
An - Najah Univ. J. Res. (N. Sc.) Vol. 29, 2015
Publisher Country
Publication Type
Both (Printed and Online)