Biological Effects of 6 mT Static Magnetic Fields: A Comparative Study in Different Cell Types
Publication Type
Original research
  • Bernadette Tenuzzo
  • Alfonsina Chionna
  • Elisa Panzarini
  • Remigio Lanubile
  • Patrizia Tarantino
  • Bruno Di Jeso
  • Majdi Dwikat
  • Luciana Dini

The present work was a comparative study of the bio-effects induced by exposure to 6 mT static magnetic field (MF) on several primary cultures and cell lines. Particular attention was dedicated to apoptosis. Cell viability, proliferation, intracellular Ca2+ concentration and morphology were also examined. Primary cultures of human lymphocytes, mice thymocytes and cultures of 3DO, U937, HeLa, HepG2 and FRTL-5 cells were grown in the presence of 6 mT static MF and different apoptosis-inducing agents (cycloheximide, H2O2, puromycin, heat shock, etoposide). Biological effects of static MF exposure were found in all the different cells examined. They were cell type-dependent but apoptotic inducer-independent. A common effect of the exposure to static MF was the promotion of apoptosis and mitosis, but not of necrosis or modifications of the cell shape. Increase of the intracellular levels of Ca2+ ions were also observed. When pro-apoptotic drugs were combined with static MF, the majority of cell types rescued from apoptosis. To the contrary, apoptosis of 3DO cells was significantly increased under simultaneous exposure to static MF and incubation with pro-apoptotic drugs. From these data we conclude that 6 mT static MF exposure interfered with apoptosis in a cell type- and exposure time-dependent manner, while the effects of static MF exposure on the apoptotic program were independent of the drugs used. Bioelectromagnetics 27:560–577, 2006. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Bioelectromagnetics Volume 27, Issue 7, pages 560–577, October 2006
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Both (Printed and Online)