Static Magnetic Field Selects Undifferentiated Myelomonocytes from Low-glutamine Concentration Stimulated U937 Cells
Publication Type
Original research
  • B. Tenuzzo
  • M. Dwikat
  • L. Dini

Reduced glutamine (GLN) concentration in the culture medium of a U937 cell line caused them to be differentiated along the monocytic pathway; cells attached to the matrix and to each other by extending pseudopodia and acquired specific functional characteristics, such as the expression of α-naphthyl-acetate esterase and the capacity to reduce nitroblue tetrazolium, as well as becoming active phagocytes. When U937 cells were differentiated under continuous exposure to a 6 mT static magnetic field (MF) the overall differentiation process was perturbed. Surprisingly, after 5 days’ exposure to the static MF, higher cell viability and differentiation were observed in cells cultured in a GLN-deprived medium than in cells grown in the same medium but in the absence of a static MF. The latter cells, particularly those that were still floating in the medium, were stimulated with TPA for a further 3 days. These cells differentiated and attached to the substrate. Conversely, the same treatment applied to cells cultured in GLN-deprived medium in the presence of the static MF resulted in resistance to TPA-induced differentiation. Indeed, these cells exhibited a round shape and in-suspension growth.

Tissue and cell, Volume 40, Issue 3, June 2008, Pages 177–184
Publisher Country
Publication Type
Both (Printed and Online)