Background Three Palestinian factions
carried out a military operation against the Israeli soldiers in Karm Abu Salem
near the Gaza Strip which resulted in taking an Israeli soldier as a prisoner
of war and in killing another number of them. Following the operation Israel
launched its military attacks on the Gaza Strip under the pretext of freeing
the soldier. Several Arab and international parties tried to mediate in favor
of freeing the Israeli soldier with no avail. The Palestinian factions holding
the Israeli soldier avowed that they will not release their prisoner unless Israel
agrees on a swap that would free, in return, Palestinian children, women and
prisoners who spent a long term in the Israeli jails. Israel refused to
negotiate and continued its aggression on the Gaza Strip and arrested a number
of Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) members and ministers. On the other
side of the scene, Hezbullah announced taking two Israeli prisoners of war and
demanded a swap with Lebanese, Arab, and Palestinian prisoners in Israeli
jails; Israel rejected Hezbullah's initiative and waged war against Lebanon.
Under the above circumstances several Arab and international reactions were issued; some condemned Israel and others held Hezbullah responsible for the escalation that led to the present crisis. What is really noteworthy is what the secretary of the Arab League has said following the meeting of the Arab foreign ministers; the secretary announced the Middle East peace process dead and said that it has been decided that the case be referred to the United Nations.
The Results Following are the results of the 22nd Palestinian Public Opinion Poll conducted by the Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University during the period from July 19 to 21, 2006. The University sponsors all polls conducted by its Center.
This poll undertakes the opinion of Palestinian public concerning the new political realities and particularly the war waged by Israel on the Gaza Strip and Lebanon and the position of the Arab countries towards this crisis. In addition the poll evaluates the performance of Palestinian private and public institutions.