Successful Percutaneous Selective Transarterial Embolization of Bleeding Huge Pseudoaneurysm of Gastroduodenal Artery Secondary to Chronic Pancreatitis
Publication Type
Original research
  • Leow, V. M.
  • Febra, S.
  • Khaled, D.
  • Suryati, M.
  • Thamarai, V. K.
  • F. Lim, K.
  • Krishnan, R.
  • Harjit, S

INTRODUCTION: A bleeding pesudoaneurysm of peripancreatic artery can present with massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. A history of pancreatitis and urgent imaging is crucial in making the diagnosis. Selective embolisation of the bleeding artery has gained much attention as first line of treatment. Here, we report a patient with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis presented with a ruptured pseudoaneurysm of gastroduodenal artery. He was successfully treated with percutaneous angiographic embolization.
CLINICAL PRESENTATION: This was a 54-year old Indian man who had a long history of daily alcohol intake. He had multiple admissions to the private hospitals for pancreatitis. One afternoon, he was rushed to hospital after experiencing sudden epigastric pain and hematemesis. Upper GI endoscopy could not detect the source of bleeding. Urgent CT scan reviewed a huge bleeding pseudoaneurysm of the gastroduodenal artery. Transcatheter arterial embolization was performed. Hemostasis was secured.
DISCUSSION: Pseudoaneurysms can bleed into the gastrointestinal tract, peritoneal cavity, retroperitoneum, biliopancreatic ducts or pseudocysts. Prompt localization of a pseudoaneurysm via imaging studies is critical. The reported success rate of embolization was 79-100% and the reported mortality rate after embolization was 12-33% in patients with acute or chronic pancreatitis.
CONCLUSION: Transcatheter selective arterial embolization is a highly effective treatment for acute bleeding from a ruptured pseudoaneurysm secondary to pancreatitis. However, early diagnosis and effective resuscitation is an essential prerequisite factor for urgent referral to center with interventional radiology.

Medical Journal of Malaysia;Dec2011 Supplement, Vol. 66, p22
Publisher Country
Publication Type
Both (Printed and Online)