Switchgrass (Panicum Virgatum L.) Cell Suspension Cultures: Establishment, Characterization, And Application
Publication Type
Original research
  • Mitra Mazarei
  • Hani Al-Ahmad
  • Mary R. Rudis
  • Blake L. Joyce
  • C. Neal Stewart Jr

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season perennial grass that has received considerable attention as a potential dedicated biofuel and bioproduct feedstock. Genetic improvement of switchgrass is needed for better cellulosic ethanol production, especially to improve cellulose-to-lignin ratios. Cell suspension cultures offer an in vitro system for mutant selection, mass propagation, gene transfer, and cell biology. Toward this end, switchgrass cell suspension cultures were initiated from embryogenic callus obtained from genotype Alamo 2. They have been established and characterized with different cell type morphologies: sandy, fine milky, and ultrafine cultures. Characterization includes histological analysis using scanning electron microscopy, and utility using protoplast isolation. A high protoplast isolation rate of up to 106 protoplasts/1.0 g of cells was achieved for the fine milky culture, whereas only a few protoplasts were isolated for the sandy and ultrafine cultures. These results indicate that switchgrass cell suspension type sizably impacts the efficiency of protoplast isolation, suggesting its significance in other applications. The establishment of different switchgrass suspension culture cell types provides the opportunity to gain insights into the versatility of the system that would further augment switchgrass biology research.

Plant Science, Volume 181, Issue 6, December 2011, Pages 712–715
Publisher Country
Publication Type
Both (Printed and Online)