Dietary routine among diabetic patients in West Bank/ Palestine
Publication Type
Conference Paper

                    Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is still considered a public health problem all over the world, the number of those who develop type II diabetes is increasing. While dietary therapy is highly recommended to be involved in the management therapy of diabetic patients it is still neglected by patients, their families, and even by health care providers.

          The aim of this study was to assess dietary routine practices among type 1 and type2 Palestinian diabetic patients in West Bank.

        Research design and method: Quantitative, a cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study was conducted in primary health care centers (Hebron, Ramallah, and Nablus).350 patients were randomly selected from September to November 2015, utilizing a questionnaire including five domains; about dietary routine after diabetes.

        Results: the age of 32.9% of participants was more than 60 years and 91.7% of them had type 2 DM. Their dietary routine pattern is mostly characterized by poor meals preparation (49.4% poor, 10.6% very poor). 33.7%, 17.4% have been evaluated as having poor and very poor family support respectively, Regarding eating patterns just, 3.7% of participants have a very good eating pattern while 42.3% of them have poor eating patterns. The results also indicated that there was a significant relationship between the last HbA1C results and eating pattern as the p-value is (0.000< 0.05).in addition, there was a relationship between complications of DM and family support as the p-value (0.018< 0.05) and also represented there was a significant relationship between educational level and meal preparation as the p-value is (0.000< 0.05).


          Conclusions: the factors affecting the dietary pattern were, firstly eating pattern (60.2%), then family support (57.8%), and meals preparation (57%)

                                     Recommendation: MOH has to pay more attention to dietary therapy and include it in management therapy of diabetic patients and teaching session for patients to maintain optimum dietary habits is highly recommended. The family has to consider the dietary therapy of diabetic patients while preparing their different meals and helping on reading the nutrition fact label before choosing the meals.
          Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Dietary routine, family support, meal preparation.

Conference Title
5th World Congress on Nutrition ,Dietetics and Nutraceuticals
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Conference Date
Jan. 29, 2020 - Jan. 30, 2020
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