Congenital diverticula of the gall bladder are considered one of the rarest congenital anomalies of the gall bladder is rarely discussed in the literature, with the incidence esti- mated to be about 0.0008% of all resected gallbladders. It has an important and distinct anatomical and clinical entity with significant clinical implications. It poses a diagnostic challenge for radiologists and surgeons as it should be differentiated from other types of congenital anomalies and pathological states of the gall bladder. Furthermore, the associa- tion of diverticulum with several pathological problems of the gall bladder has been re- ported in the literature including calculous cholecystitis, cholecystitis cholelithiasis, recur- rent cholangitis - and carcinoma of the gallbladder. In addition, it might press upon the ad- jacent structures such as the duodenum or stomach. Rupture is a rare complication. In this report, we present a case of congenital gallbladder diverticulum that has been initially mis- diagnosed as GB lymphangioma and describe our clinical, radiological, operative, and his- topathological findings. A 33-year-old female patient was investigated for colicky ab- dominal pain of eight months’ duration. Abdominal U/S showed multiple numerous septa inside the GB, minimal amount of sludge, with no stones. Abdominal CT scan, liver MRI, and MRCP showed that the GB is partially intrahepatic with numerous septated small cyst- ic appearances inside, those features raising the suspicion of GB lymphangioma arising from the lymphatic tissue of the gallbladder wall. The decision for surgery was made, and while adequate surgery can be performed using a laparoscopic approach, we preferred to do open cholecystectomy to achieve complete GB resection and to assess the gallbladder for the presence of suspicious malignant features such as the presence of soft tissue com- ponents and hard consistency especially in the GB bed which is hard to assess laparoscopi- cally. Intraoperatively, the GB wall was thin with a lobulated surface with several bulges suggestive of GB diverticulosis. The operation passed smoothly and the postoperative course was uneventful. The diagnosis of the congenital diverticulum was only confirmed by histology. The diverticulum of the gall bladder is an important and distinct anatomical entity with significant clinical implications. Difficulties are still faced in differentiating such rare gallbladder anomalies, it has been associated with several pathological problems in GB and adequate workup is required to differentiate congenital gall bladder diverticu- lum from other underlying pathologies.
Keywords: Congenital Diverticulum, Gallbladder, Cholecystectomy, Anomalies.