Background: In response to this extraordinary outbreak, many countries and companies rush to develop an effective vaccine, authorize, and deliver it to all people across the world. Despite these extensive efforts, curbing this pandemic relies highly upon vaccination coverage. This study aimed to determine SARS-COV-2 vaccine uptake among Palestinian healthcare workers, the factors that influence vaccination uptake, and the motivators and barriers to vaccination.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using an online anonymous self-administered questionnaire during April and May 2021, enough time after the Palestinian Ministry of Health launched the COVID-19 vaccination campaign. The questionnaire collected socio-demographic characteristics, vaccination attitude and vaccination uptake status, and motivators and barriers towards vaccination. In addition, multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify the influencing factors of vaccination uptake.
Results: The study included 1018 participants from different professions, including 560 (55.0%) females. Of the participants, 677 (66.5%; 95% CI: 63.5%- 69.4%) received the vaccine. Higher uptake was observed among males (aOR=1.5; 95%CI: 1.1-2.1), single HCWs (aOR=1.3; 95%CI: 1.1-1.8), HCWs working in the non-governmental sector (aOR=1.6; 95%CI: 1.2-2.4), higher monthly income (aOR=1.9; 95%CI: 1.4-2.8) and smoking (aOR=1.5; 95%CI: 1.1-3.5). The lower level of negative vaccination attitudes predicted higher intake; mistrust of vaccine belief (aOR=1.6; 95%CI: 1.4-1.7) and worries over unforeseen future effects (aOR=1.2; 95%CI: 1.1-1.3).
Conclusion: In conclusion, the COVID-19 vaccination uptake was comparable to other studies worldwide but still needs to be improved, especially in the context of this ongoing global pandemic. It is imperative to invest resources to promote vaccination uptake and target all the vaccine misconceptions and fears.