The Relationship Between Intellectual Capital in the Fourth Industrial Revolution and Firm Performance in Jordan
Publication Type
Original research
Authors

Abstract. This paper attempts to determine if intellectual capital (IC) has an impact on firm performance in the industrial companies in Jordan. A quantitative approach was used, with a value-added intellectual coefficient (VAICTM) methodology of IC measurement. Secondary data were used in measuring the study variables. The relationship between VAICTM in the fourth industrial revolution (IR 4.0) and the ratiosof earnings per share (EPS) and return on assets (ROA) were examined. The study sample comprised 50 industrial companies listed on the Amman Stock Exchange (ASE) covering the 2008-2017 period. Multiple Regression analysis was used in data analysis, involving panel data models. The obtained results prove a positive significant influence of VAICTM on EPS and ROA, and a positive significant relationship between human capital efficiency (HCE) and structural capital efficiency (SCE), and EPS and ROA, while no relationship was found between capital employed efficiency (CEE) and EPS and ROA. The results suggest the need for industrial companies in Jordan and in the Middle East to focus on intellectual capital (IC) elements, particularly human capital (HC), which is core to VAICTM. Moreover, this study is valuable to policymakers and managers in determining industry development for better corporate returns. Keywords: Intellectual Capital, Earning per share, Return on assets, Human capital, Structural capital, Capital employed.

Journal
Title
Fourth Industrial Revolution Implementation of- Studies in Computational Intelligence Artificial Intelligence for Growing Business Success
Publisher
An-Najah National University
Publisher Country
Palestine
Indexing
Scopus
Impact Factor
1.73
Publication Type
Both (Printed and Online)
Volume
935
Year
2021
Pages
71-97