The issue of counting and accepting the raka'a ( a prayer unit) if the worshipper was able to catch up with the imam while the imam was bowing down is still one of the most significant issues in the prayer, which is regarded as the backbone of Islam. To address this issue, the majority of scholars supported the opinion that if the worshipper was able to catch up with the imam while the imam was bowing down ,the worshipper's raka'a will be counted and accepted. However, some other notable scholars like Al-Bukhari, Ibn Hazm and Ibn Khuzaymiya insisted that raka'a would never be accepted or counted unless all its pillars are fulfilled and performed : Takbeer ( saying Allah Akbar), standing , reciting from Quran , bowing down and the other necessary next steps. This study concluded that the raka'a will never be accepted or counted if the worshipper was able to catch up with the imam while the imam was bowing down. This conclusion and opinion is duly supported with authentic and reliable evidence , whereas the aforementioned contradicting opinion of the majority of scholars is not duly supported and their evidence is not reliable or even strong to consider.
Key words: Catching up with imam, raka'a ( a prayer unit), bowing down, Quran recitation .