This study was conducted to develop and achieve formal consensus on a core set of key performance indicators (KPIs) that can be captured in measuring the impact of pharmacists in caring for patients with epilepsy (PWE) visiting epilepsy clinics as outpatients in primary healthcare practice.
In this study, a comprehensive literature search and review was conducted to extract candidate KPIs. Interviews with key contacts (6 pharmacists, 2 neurologists, 3 nurses, and 3 PWE) were also conducted to supplement the inventory set of KPI candidates. A three-round Delphi technique was followed among a panel of 40 members to achieve formal consensus on a core list of KPIs. Consensual KPIs were ranked by the ratings of the panelists.
The final consensual core set contained 8 KPIs in the thematic activity areas of pharmaceutical care, medication reconciliation and best possible medication history, patient education/counseling, interprofessional patient care, competence, and performance efficiency/patient satisfaction. The KPIs related to therapy problems identified and resolved by pharmacist and provision of proactive comprehensive direct patient care by a pharmacist received significantly higher (p-value: 0.0001) scores compared to the KPI related to complaints about pharmacists received.
Eight consensual KPIs to capture in measuring the impact of pharmacists in caring for PWE visiting epilepsy clinics as outpatients in primary healthcare practice were developed using the Delphi technique. If successfully adopted, implemented, captured, and analyzed, these consensual KPIs might help advance pharmaceutical care of PWE in primary healthcare practice.