An assessment of sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in hemodialysis patients: a cross-sectional study from Palestine
نوع المنشور
بحث أصيل
النص الكامل


Patients on hemodialysis (HD) commonly suffer from poor sleep quality which in turn compromises their quality of life and well as their mortality risk according to many studies. In Palestine however, no single study had emphasized the association and prevalence of sleep quality and daytime sleepiness among hemodialysis patients (HDP). Therefore, we conducted this study to determine the relationship between regular HD and the situation regarding sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in HDP.


In this cross-sectional survey, we targeted HDP at one HD center in An-Najah National University Hospital. Sleep problems were assessed by both the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), which are considered as standardized tools for the assessment of sleep quality and daytime sleepiness, respectively.


Of the 192 dialysis patients who were interviewed, 167 were included in the final analysis of this study, with a response rate of 87%. The mean age of the participants was 57.6 ± 12.9. Fifty-two percent were males, and an equal percentage of the participants were 60 years old or older. The median ESS of the participants was 7 [4–11] and 43.1% of the participants had 9 or more ESS score, indicating excessive daytime sleepiness. The median PSQI score was 8 [6–12] and 76.65% of the participants scored more than 5 points on the PSQI, indicating poor sleep quality. Neither the ESS score nor the PSQI score were significantly associated with any particular category of participants, based on their demographic or clinical characteristics.


In conclusion, we found that dialysis patients had poor sleep quality, evident by their high median PSQI score, though their excessive daytime sleepiness was less evident by their median ESS score in the high normal values. Additionally, we found a high prevalence of poor sleep quality among HDP, whereas excessive daytime sleepiness was less prevalent. Finally, no significant association was found between either of the two scores and the participants’ demographic or clinical characteristics surveyed in this study.

Sleep Science and Practice
BioMed Central
بلد الناشر
المملكة المتحدة
معامل التأثير
نوع المنشور
إلكتروني فقط