Molecular markers of therapy-resistant glioblastoma and potential strategy to combat resistance
Publication Type
Original research
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Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant tumor of the central nervous system. With its overall dismal prognosis (the median survival is 14 months), GBMs demonstrate a resounding resilience against all current treatment modalities. The absence of a major progress in the treatment of GBM maybe a result of our poor understanding of both GBM tumor biology and the mechanisms underlying the acquirement of treatment resistance in recurrent GBMs. A comprehensive understanding of these markers is mandatory for the development of treatments against therapy-resistant GBMs. This review also provides an overview of a novel marker called acid ceramidase and its implication in the development of radioresistant GBMs. Multiple signaling pathways were found altered in radioresistant GBMs. Given these global alterations of multiple signaling pathways found in radioresistant GBMs, an effective treatment for radioresistant GBMs may require a cocktail containing multiple agents targeting multiple cancer-inducing pathways in order to have a chance to make a substantial impact on improving the overall GBM survival. © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Journal
Title
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publisher Country
Eswatini
Indexing
Thomson Reuters
Impact Factor
3.226
Publication Type
Prtinted only
Volume
19
Year
2018
Pages
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