Photocatalytic degradation of phenazopyridine contaminant in soil with direct solar light
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بحث أصيل

Photocatalytic degradation of waste pharmaceutics, with solar radiation, is described here as a feasible method to purify pre-contaminated soils. Phenazopyridine has been used as a model soil contaminant. Two different nano-size powders have been first examined as catalysts, namely commercial TiO2 (anatase) and commercial ZnO. As the ZnO showed higher catalytic efficiency, the study was then focused on it. The commercial ZnO powder was then compared with lab-prepared ZnO powder, and the latter shows relatively higher efficiency. The ZnO was used in two different ways. In one way, dry ZnO catalyst powder was spread onto the soil, while in the other way the ZnO was sprayed onto the soil surface by a wet spray method. The spray technique shows slightly higher efficiency, in addition to being easier to apply at future large scale. Depending on conditions and type of photocatalyst used, up to 90% contaminant removal can be achieved in 30 min. In case of photocatalysis experiments, the reacted contaminant molecules undergo complete degradation with no detectable side reaction organic products. Possible evaporation or escape of organic contaminant, or other possibly resulting organics, is ruled out by a series of control experiments. Photodegradation process takes place only at the catalytic sites on the soil surface, where contaminant molecules that diffuse from the soil bulk are completely degraded. Other useful organisms inside the soil are not affected as they are kept away from catalyst sites. A plausible mechanism is proposed for the degradation process. © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Environmental Technology
Taylor and Francis
بلد الناشر
المملكة المتحدة
Thomson Reuters
معامل التأثير
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