Measurement of soil/dust arsenic by Gas Phase Chemiluminescence
نوع المنشور
بحث أصيل
  • Maather F. Sawalha
  • Mrinal K. Sengupta
  • Shin-Ichi Ohira
  • Ademola D. Idowu
  • Thomas E. Gill
  • Lila Rojo
  • Melanie Barnes
  • Purnendu K. Dasgupta
النص الكامل

A gas phase chemiluminescence (GPCL)-based method for trace measurement of arsenic has been recently described for the measurement of arsenic in water. The principle is based on the reduction of inorganic As to AsH3 at a controlled pH (the choice of pH governs whether only As(III) or all inorganic As is converted) and the reaction of AsH3 with O3 to produce chemiluminescence (Idowu et al., Anal. Chem. 78 (2006) 7088–7097). The same general principle has also been used in postcolumn reaction detection of As, where As species are separated chromatographically, then converted into inorganic As by passing through a UV photochemical reactor followed by AsH3 generation and CL reaction with ozone (Idowu and Dasgupta, Anal. Chem. 79 (2007) 9197–9204). In the present paper we describe the measurement of As in different soil and dust samples by serial extraction with water, citric acid, sulfuric acid and nitric acid. We also compare parallel measurements for total As by induction coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP–MS). As(V) was the only species found in our samples. Because of chloride interference of isobaric ArCl+ICP–MS analyses could only be carried out by standard addition; these results were highly correlated with direct GPCL and LC–GPCL results (r2 = 0.9935 and 1.0000, respectively). The limit of detection (LOD) in the extracts was 0.36 μg/L by direct GPCL compared to 0.1 μg/L by ICP–MS. In sulfuric acid-based extracts, the LC–GPCL method provided LODs inferior to those previously observed for water-based standards and were 2.6, 1.3, 6.7, and 6.4 μg/L for As(III), As(V), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), respectively.

Talanta Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 372–379
بلد الناشر
نوع المنشور
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