Molecular and serological surveillance of African horse sickness virus in eastern and central Saudi Arabia
نوع المنشور
بحث أصيل

African horse sickness virus (AHSV) is one of the most devastating viral diseases of the family Equidae. Infection with AHSV threatens not only the Saudi equine industry but also the equine industry worldwide. This is due to the high morbidity and mortality rates among the infected population of up to 100%. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) lists AHSV among its notifiable diseases; this requires Member Countries to monitor the situation with regard to AHSV very carefully in order to avoid the spread of the virus. The OIE also suggests the systematic monitoring of AHSV in the equine population at regular intervals. The main aim of the current study is to perform molecular and serological surveillance on different horse populations in eastern and central regions of Saudi Arabia. To achieve this aim, the authors collected 361 serum samples, 103 whole blood samples and 323 swabs from Al-Hasa, Dammam, Al-Jubail, Al-Qateef, Riyadh and Al-Qassim. Commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were used to detect AHSV antibodies and commercial real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR) kits were used to detect AHSV nucleic acids in blood and swabs. The results of this study demonstrate the absence of anti-AHSV antibodies in the sera of tested animals. Furthermore, no viral nucleic acids were detected in the collected blood and swab samples, as evaluated by real-time AHSV–RT–PCR. Moreover, all tested samples collected during 2014–2016 were negative for AHSV. This confirms that the horse populations studied in the eastern and central regions of Saudi Arabia during 2014–2016 were AHSV free.

Revue Scientifique et Technique
OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health)
بلد الناشر
نوع المنشور
إلكتروني فقط